Many people want to avoid the daunting process of setting up and growing a new business from scratch. As a result, buying an existing business has become a reasonable alternative. There’s no question about it: buying a business – no matter the size – is rewarding and a big commitment.
If you’ve been pondering the idea of acquiring an existing business, here’s a list of 7 traits you should be looking for prior to making the final decision.
1. It has the potential to survive and thrive.
There’s no point in buying a business with minimal or zero opportunity to grow throughout different economic cycles. Learn all you can about the financial conditions of the business. Look at sales growth, profit margins, overhead, cash flow and working capital through various business phases. What trends do you see? Research the company’s main competitors to find more about changes in the market and industry.
2. It must have a repeat business future.
You want to buy a business that has a promising long-term outlook. This means buying a business with sustainable profits and repeat customers. Study the industry as a whole. Get specific information about opportunities and threats, as well as how the business is positioned in the market.
3. It functions with staff possessing lower-level skills.
This ensures you have access to ample and affordable labor. At the same time, you should aim to retain key employees who understand every nook and cranny of the business.
4. It has significant cash flow and is not asset-intensive.
Stay away from buying a business that is heavily capitalized, or one that requires large capital investments. It’s risky to buy a business with huge assets (i.e. heavy inventories, buildings, or equipment) that are worth less than your proposed price. Remember, you want to buy an income stream, not scary liabilities or significant assets with diminishing value.
5. Its opportunities for improvement are clear and fixable.
You want to buy a business where you can contribute your own skills and experience. You should have a vivid idea about the scope for improvement. Do you want to lower overhead costs and improve margins? Or do you want to focus on getting better lead flow and higher lead conversion rates?
6. It must be a great deal for the purchase.
This goes hand-in-hand with the financial health of the business. Are the records accurate and believable? Do the numbers add up? Take your time to do your due diligence. Have a thorough review process that will not only help you understand whether the company is as valuable as the seller has stated, but that will also alert you to potential problems.
7. It must have a great “jockey.”
You should want to buy a business that has a strong leader that will stay or transition the business. It’s important to learn about the company’s past and current owners. Find out why they want to sell the business: is it due to a divorce? Retirement? Do they have a desire for a lifestyle change or their children are not interested in running the business?
Likewise, learn about their ability as a leader. What have they accomplished with the business? Ideally, you want to look into businesses with talented owners and a next generation of non-family leadership.
It’s not possible to give a complete checklist of things to look for during the process of buying a business. In fact, purchasing businesses in different industries will involve many varying questions and decisions. However, these are some basic points to get you started.